Gastronomi dalam Cerita Rakyat Ainu Jepang

Ida Ayu Laksmita Sari, I Nyoman Darma Putra, Ni Luh Kade Yuliani Giri

Abstract


ABSTRACT


This article analyzes the gastronomic aspects of the Ainu folklore in Japan. Gastronomic aspects examined
include how Ainu folklore narrates how they collect and cook food materials, how they consume, and
what cultural values are attached to both the process of food production and consumption. The study
applied library research and the object of analysis were selectively chosen from Ainu Mukashi Banashi’s
book: Hitotsubu no Satchiporo (2012), an anthology of Ainu folklore edited by Kayano Shigeru. The
stories chosen analyzed by the literary anthropology theory. The results show that the Ainu folklore
contains narratives about how people collect food, cook, and consume them. The study of the gastronomic
narratives of Ainu folklore presents a novelty that folklore not only contains a moral message for character
formation but is also a medium for preserving and continuing food and culinary culture across time and
generations.


Keywords: Ainu folktale, literary gastronomy, traditional food of Ainu Japan

ABSTRAK


Artikel ini menganalisis aspek gastronomi dari cerita rakyat Ainu Jepang. Aspek gastronomi
yang dikaji meliputi bagaimana cerita rakyat Ainu menceritakan cara mereka mengumpulkan
dan memasak bahan makanan, bagaimana mereka mengonsumsi, dan nilai-nilai budaya apa
yang melekat pada proses produksi dan konsumsi makanan. Penelitian dilakukan dengan riset
perpustakaan dan objek kajian dipilih secara selektif dari buku Ainu Mukashi Banashi: Hitotsubu
no Satchiporo (2012), sebuah antologi cerita rakyat Ainu dengan editor Kayano Shigeru. Data
dianalisis dengan teori antropologi sastra. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa cerita rakyat
Ainu mengandung narasi tentang cara masyarakat mengumpulkan bahan makanan, memasak,
dan mengkonsumsinya. Studi tentang narasi gastronomi cerita rakyat Ainu menyajikan hal
baru bahwa cerita rakyat tidak saja mengandung pesan moral untuk pembentukan karakter
tetapi juga menjadi media untuk melestarikan dan meneruskan budaya makanan dan kuliner
lintas waktu dan generasi.

Kata Kunci: cerita rakyat Ainu, gastronomi sastra, makanan tradisional Ainu Jepang


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26742/panggung.v30i2.1205

DOI (PDF DOWNLOAD): http://dx.doi.org/10.26742/panggung.v30i2.1205.g762

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